Monday, May 25, 2020

Summary and Review of Uglies by Scott Westerfield - 663 Words

Uglies takes place In the future, where it is summer. The sun is fading; the deep blue gaps of night are peering through like an ocean, bottomless and cold. Every summer was beautiful and enjoying, up to this one. No wonder it couldn’t be beautiful, when you lose a best friend, nothing is. Tally Youngblood was still an ugly. Three months and two days until she finally turns sixteen years old, goes off for the surgery, and becomes a pretty like her friend Peris. Since Tally isn’t a very patient girl, she decides to sneak out and go to the New Pretty Town and see Peris just for a little while. Tally is a girl that loves pulling tricks and pranks. Even at the very beginning of the book, Tally is braking in to the New Pretty Town, and as we get to know, it isn’t her first time. She used to do it with Peris as well. When Shay and she aren’t arguing over the pretty surgery, they are breaking the law, pulling some tricks on younger children, and goofing around. Tally loves causing trouble, even though sometimes, the intensions aren’t like that. Also, Tally is a very brave sixteen -year old. Even though she has caused much trouble, especially to smokies, Tally is willing to clean up the mess and try to fix everything. At the beginning of the book, Tally’s goal is to turn sixteen and become a pretty. Many obstacles come in her way and towards the middle of the book; Tally realizes how she loves and has a good life being ugly. Now that she wants to be an Ugly, she can’t. The

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Architecture of El Tajin

The once-magnificent city of El Tajin, which flourished not far inland from Mexicos Gulf Coast from roughly 800-1200 A.D., features some truly spectacular architecture. The palaces, temples and ballcourts of the excavated city show impressive architectural details like cornices, inset glyphs and niches. The City of Storms After the fall of Teotihuacan around 650 A.D., El Tajin was one of several powerful city-states that arose in the ensuing vacuum of power. The city flourished from about 800 to 1200 A.D. At one time, the city covered 500 hectares and may have had as many as 30,000 inhabitants; its influence spread throughout Mexicos Gulf Coast region. Their chief God was Quetzalcoatl, whose worship was common in Mesoamerican lands at the time. After 1200 A.D., the city was abandoned and left to return to the jungle: only locals knew about it until a Spanish colonial official stumbled across it in 1785. For the past century, a series of excavation and preservation programs have taken place there, and it is an important site for tourists and historians alike. The City of El Tajin and its Architecture The word Tajà ­n refers to a spirit with great powers over the weather, especially in terms of rain, lightning, thunder and storms. El Tajà ­n was built in the lush, hilly lowlands not far from the Gulf Coast. It is spread out over a relatively spacious area, but hills and arroyos defined the city limits. Much of it may once have been built of wood or other perishable materials: these have been long since lost to the jungle. There are a number of temples and buildings in the Arroyo Group and old ceremonial center and palaces and administrative-type buildings in Tajà ­n Chico, located on a hill to the north of the rest of the city. To the northeast is the impressive Great Xicalcoliuhqui wall. None of the buildings is known to be hollow or to house a tomb of any sort. Most of the buildings and structures are made of a locally available sandstone. Some of the temples and pyramids are built over earlier structures. Many of the pyramids and temples are made of finely carved stone and f illed with packed earth. Architectural Influence and Innovations El Tajin is unique enough architecturally that it has its own style, often referred to as Classic Central Veracruz. Nevertheless, there are some obvious external influences on the architectural style at the site. The overall style of the pyramids at the site is referred to in Spanish as the talà ºd-tablero style (it basically translates as slope/walls). In other words, the overall slope of the pyramid is created by piling progressively smaller square or rectangular levels on top of another. These levels can be quite tall, and there is always a stairway to grant access to the top. This style came to El Tajà ­n from Teotihuacan, but the builders of El Tajin took it further. On many of the pyramids in the ceremonial center, the tiers of the pyramids are adorned with cornices which jut out into space on the sides and corners. This gives the buildings a striking, majestic silhouette. The builders of El Tajà ­n also added niches to the flat walls of the tiers, resulting in a richly textured, dramatic look not seen at Teotihuacan. El Tajin also shows influence from Classic era Maya cities. One notable similarity is the association of altitude with power: in El Tajà ­n, the ruling class built a palace complexes on hills adjacent to the ceremonial center. From this section of the city, known as Tajin Chico, the ruling class gazed down upon the homes of their subjects and the pyramids of the ceremonial district and the Arroyo Group. In addition, building 19 is a pyramid which features four stairways to the top, on in each cardinal direction. This is similar to el Castillo or the Temple of Kukulcan in Chichà ©n Itzà ¡, which likewise has four stairways.   Another innovation at El Tajà ­n was the idea of plaster ceilings. Most of the structures at the top of pyramids or on finely built bases were constructed of perishable materials such as wood, but there is some evidence in the Tajà ­n Chico area of the site that some of the ceilings may have been made of a heavy plaster. Even the ceiling at the Building of the Columns may have had an arched plaster ceiling, as archaeologists discovered large blocks of convex, polished blocks of plaster there. Ballcourts of El Tajn The ballgame was of paramount importance to the people of El Tajà ­n. No fewer than seventeen ballcourts have been found so far at El Tajà ­n, including several in and around the ceremonial center. The usual shape of a ball court was that of a double T: a long narrow area in the middle with an open space at either end. At El Tajà ­n, buildings and pyramids were often constructed in such a way that they would naturally create courts between them. For example, one of the ballcourts in the ceremonial center is defined on either side by Buildings 13 and 14, which were designed for spectators. The south end of the ballcourt, however, is defined by Building 16, an early version of the Pyramid of the Niches. One of the most striking structures at El Tajin is the South Ballcourt. This was obviously the most important one, as it is decorated with six marvelous panels carved in bas-relief. These show scenes from the ceremonious ballgames including human sacrifice, which often was the result of one of the games. The Niches of El Tajin The most remarkable innovation of El Tajà ­ns architects was the niches so common at the site. From the rudimentary ones at Building 16 to the magnificence of the Pyramid of the Niches, the sites best-known structure, niches are everywhere at El Tajà ­n. The niches of El Tajà ­n are small recesses set into the exterior walls of the tiers of several pyramids on the site. Some of the niches in Tajà ­n Chico have a spiral-like design in them: this was one of the symbols of Quetzalcoatl. The best example of the importance of the Niches at El Tajin is the impressive Pyramid of the Niches. The pyramid, which sits on a square base, has exactly 365 deep-set, well-designed niches, suggesting that it was a place where the sun was worshiped. It was once dramatically painted to heighten the contrast between the shady, recessed niches and the faces of the tiers; the interior of the niches was painted black, and the surrounding walls red. On the stairway, there were once six platform-altars (only five remain). Each of these altars features three small niches: this adds up to eighteen niches, possibly representing the Mesoamerican solar calendar, which had eighteen months. Importance of Architecture at El Tajin The architects of El Tajin were very skilled, using advances such as cornices, niches, cement and plaster to make their buildings, which were brightly, dramatically painted to great effect. Their skill is also evident in the simple fact that so many of their buildings have survived to the present day, although the archaeologists who restored the magnificent palaces and temples surely helped. Unfortunately for those who study the City of Storms, relatively few records remain of the people who lived there. There are no books and no direct accounts by anyone who ever had direct contact with them. Unlike the Maya, who were fond of carving glyphs with names, dates and information into their stone artwork, the artists of El Tajin rarely did so. This lack of information makes the architecture that much more important: it is the best source of information about this lost culture. Sources: Coe, Andrew. . Emeryville, CA: Avalon Travel Publishing, 2001. Ladrà ³n de Guevara, Sara. El Tajin: La Urbe que Representa al Orbe. Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Economica, 2010. Solà ­s, Felipe. El Tajà ­n. Mà ©xico: Editorial Mà ©xico Desconocido, 2003. Wilkerson, Jeffrey K. Eighty Centuries of Veracruz. National Geographic 158, No. 2 (August 1980), 203-232. Zaleta, Leonardo. Tajà ­n: Misterio y Belleza. Pozo Rico: Leonardo Zaleta 1979 (2011).

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Inequalities as Portrayed in the Media a Gender...

Inequalities as Portrayed in the Media: A Gender Analysis Media plays a big role in conventional Canadian society. It is becoming more and more influential and a bigger part of everyone’s daily lives. Since the invention and spread of the use of the printing press in the mid fifteen-hundreds, societies have been able to produce mass quantities of information available to the general public. Books were printed and made available to a large audience, replacing word of mouth communication about a society’s existence. Since then, various other forms of mass media have been created; including, radio networks, television programs, mass produced magazines, music and advertising. These are all examples of media that Canadians are exposed to†¦show more content†¦It will argue that inequalities exist between men and women within society, and this is enforced through the communicated messages sent via media. It will take the standpoint that gender equality in the media would mean an equal representation of both sexes with a diversity of male and female roles. In the world of music there are many different niches and types of music. From country to jazz, to hip-hop to local ‘indie’ bands, the world of music seems to have something for an endless variety of tastes and likings. When looking at music to assess gender inequalities, I will then focus on so-called ‘top hits’ in order to assure that the songs chosen have reached a large crowd, therefore influencing more people. Last year, the well known G-Unit member 50-Cent added another top hit to the charts. His song ‘Just a Little Bit’ managed to be on the Top 100 songs of 2006, not to mention his achievements previous years with songs such as ‘Candy Shop’ and ‘In Da Club’ (Rolling Stone, 2007). The bottom line here is that 50-Cent is a well known rapper reaching many mainstream music listeners, especially the young. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Glenn Colquhoun free essay sample

A spell to be cast prior to dying, by Glen Colquhoun have a reoccurring theme which is to die as you are in life and not to fear death. Colquhoun’s position as a Medical professional adds impetus to the imperatives present in both poems. A Spell to be cast prior to dying is a poem which tries to reinforce the idea that life was not given to us so that we are to fear death but to make the most of the time we have and to go out with a ‘bang’. Colquhoun uses the repetition of â€Å"Die† both to put the reader at a position where they are effectively being desensitized to death and also to convey that Colquhoun being a doctor deals with death every day and the unpleasantries that accompany it. This is shown by the statement â€Å"Die, go on, get the hell out of here, find your own way home. We will write a custom essay sample on Glenn Colquhoun or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page † How ever Colquhoun feels it is his duty as a doctor to set an example of a strong minded person, that Colquhoun seemed to show an emotional weakness when he said â€Å".. Die looking backwards as though you were some how desperate to get of the tracks before the train hit This showed that Colquhoun was looked up to by the family members of the deceased but he was unable to look up to another figure. Colquhoun also uses the repetition of die to illustrate the different situations that people can die in. â€Å"die without anybody noticing it. † Is an example of a reclusive person and that would not want anyone else to bear witness to their unfortunate end. Colquhoun being a New Zealand poet falls under the category of a kiwi bloke who is traditionally subjected to the stereotype of being comfortable with death and just being able to accept it and move on. How ever Colquhoun showed how even he as a doctor can be caught off-guard by death â€Å"That’s all I want to say, go on, get the hell out of here, find your own way home. † The statement has hints at desperation in Colquhoun’s persona which shows that he is tired of having to deal with it in people’s stead. Another of Colquhoun’s poems Mothers, love your sons urges not only mothers but fathers, brothers and sisters to love the people closest to them even in there misadventures. Colquhoun uses the obvious imperative of â€Å"love your sons† but more so his use of â€Å"Love you granite sons, your Crystal sons, your paper sons† to deepen his meaning and to make the imperative that much more effective. Colquhoun also emphasizes the importance of loving your sons by showing some of the bad decisions we as people make, ‘terrible haircuts’, ‘badly ironed clothes’ to show weakness and that we should love them for their triumph as well as their blundering mistakes. Colquhoun cleverly used the statement â€Å"love you’re big, dumb sons, your idiot sons, you’re †¦. Sons† to show that sons generally boast ‘shoot first, ask questions later’ attitude and that gave special impetus to when he said, â€Å"You’re irresponsible sons and their indestructible limbs. † Colquhoun is effectively showing that the sons are unfit to care for themselves and it is the responsibility of a mother to be the responsible person who will wait up to 3am when the sons return from and eventful night gallivanting about unaware of the yelling their actions have brought about. Colquhoun being doctor usually sees the sons when they are in their worst shape. Mothers, love your sons and A spell to be cast prior to dying, by Glen Colquhoun. He used metaphors and Imperitives to convey an important theme which is that living life, and careing for those close to you is more important than fearing death. And his position as a Medical professional and as a father added impetus to the techniques present in both poems.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Depression Experiences in Law Enforcement

Depression is a psychological disorder that results from traumatic experiences that people encounter in the course of life. National Institute of Mental Health (2009) explains that, â€Å"when a person has a depressive disorder, it interferes with daily life, normal functioning, and causes pain for both the person with the disorder and those who care about him or her.†Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Depression Experiences in Law Enforcement specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Depression interferes with the normal life of a person as it results into loss of interest in activities, pessimism, fatigue, insomnia, irritability, persistent aches and feelings of hopelessness amongst other symptoms. Although there are many attributes of depression, traumatic experiences are the major causes of the depression in most people. For instance, law enforcement officers experience traumatic incidences during the ca use of their duties such as frequent shootings, deaths, intimidation from the media and public, risking their lives, dangerous working environment and humiliating domestic violence amongst many other stressors. Since traumatic experiences relate with depression, does the trauma that law enforcement officers endure over the years make them susceptible to depression? Yes. The traumatic experiences that the police officers encounter and endure during the course of their duties make them susceptible to depression. As aforementioned, depression is a psychological disorder that occurs mainly due to the traumatic experiences in life. Since law enforcement community frequently encounters traumatic experiences, it has contributed to high incidences of depression among the police officers signifying that trauma is the cause of depression. The trauma and stressors that are inherent in the police profession contribute significantly to the police officers’ depression. Leeds argues that, à ¢â‚¬Å"police officers experience frequent and ongoing stressors in their work that range from cumulative stress – constant risk on the job, conflicting regulations, and public perceptions that may be inaccurate – to critical incidents: violent crimes, shootings and mass disasters† (2009, p.4). All these stressors and traumatic experiences are potential causes of depression that have made police officers become susceptible to depressive trauma. The police profession is emotionally stressing and physically dangerous; therefore, it elicits depressive feelings that expose police officers to depression. Anderson (1998) argues that, â€Å"police have been tuned to dissociate from their emotions or suppress their emotions in order to be able to endure the scene, but chronic, long-term and cumulative stress takes its toll on police officers resulting into trauma syndrome.†Advertising Looking for research paper on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The police officers endure traumatic experiences to a point in life where they trigger overwhelming depressive feelings that cause depression. Although the police officers may tolerate many traumatic incidences such as witnessing the death of fellow police officer or criminal ordeals, after a certain period such memories resurface and elicit depressive moods. This illustrates that traumatic experiences associated with policing cumulatively increases susceptibility of the police officers to depression. Retirement studies of the police officers have shown that many of them suffer from the depression caused by the traumatic memories related to the cumulative experiences, which occur throughout the police life. Violanti argues that, â€Å"law enforcement officers experience varying forms of job-incurred trauma throughout their careers; residual effects can eventually create trauma during retirement as officers may develop symptoms of po st-traumatic stress disorder from carrying accumulated emotional baggage into their retirement years† (1997, p. 5). Since traumatic experiences of policing have psychological residual effect that lead to the depression, researchers recommend that, the police officers should undergo psychological counseling and training before and after retiring in order to alleviate depressive trauma. At this point, it is clear that the trauma that law enforcement officers endure over the years make them susceptible to depression. References Anderson, B. (1998). Trauma Response Profile. American Academy of Experts in  Traumatic Stress. Web. Leeds, A. (2009). Police Officers’ Responses to Chronic Stress, Critical Incidents and Trauma. Law Enforcement Bulletin, 1-8. National Institute of Mental Health, (2009). Depression. Web.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Depression Experiences in Law Enforcement specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Violanti, M. (1997). Residuals of Police Occupational Trauma. The Australasian Journal Of Disaster and Trauma Studies, 3(1), 1-8. This research paper on Depression Experiences in Law Enforcement was written and submitted by user Javon Anthony to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Death of a Salesman (Compare Biff and Bernard) essays

Death of a Salesman (Compare Biff and Bernard) essays Different. Different were the two characters, Biff and Bernard, in Arthur Millers, The American Dream. Each person grew up in a different environment and ended up with completely different life styles. But at the end both knew that they had to work hard to get what they wanted, and nothing is handed to you because you are well liked. Growing up in a family full of lies Biff Loman did not know what life was really about. As a student in high school he was very well liked and was very popular in school. He was an excellent football player, which eventually gave him scholarships to colleges. Biff did very poor in school and expected his friend Bernard to help him cheat in his math class. But because Bernard did not help him Biff flunked math and couldnt graduate high school. He was raised by a man that believed that being well liked by others meant u would get somewhere in life, Biff spent 14 years of his life doing nothing. He went from job to job, stealing, and eventually getting thrown in jail for stealing a suit. Willy Loman, his father, made him believe that because he was a Loman he shouldnt have to answer to anybody. That is one reason why he went through so many jobs. When he was told what to do and had to answer to somebody he quit or did something bad and eventually got fired. After so many years of endless jobs Biff finally came home again. He realized that he wasnt dime a dozen or a great leader of men like his father always told him he was. Instead he was a man that had to work hard to get what he wants and not just expect it. Bernard on the other hand was completely opposite from Biff. Bernard came from a family that was taught if you work hard enough it pays off. While in high school Bernard was not very popular, and was considered a nerd. He always studied, was smart, but was not very athletic like Biff. He ...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Space Age Furniture Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Space Age Furniture - Essay Example Space Age Furniture manufactures tables and cabinets to hold portable televisions and microwave ovens. It has the part no. 3079 which is used in two subassemblies, no. 435 used in Gemini TV stand and no.257 used in the Saturn Microwave. Using a lot size of 1,000; Using the master schedule, in week 1, 600 Gemini and 300 Saturn were made. Here, parts no. 435 and 257 were use in the subassemblies and part 3079 were also each used in each sub assemblies to make the final products. Therefore, to make the final product in week one; To improve the over sub-assemblies in lot sizes of 1,000, the management can increase the demand for the final product so that, all the sub-assemblies produced can be used in the production of the final product (Gray, 2000). For this mater, any week when sub-assemblies of lot sizes 1,000 are produced and the number is higher than the minimum required, the rest can be used for production in the next or the following week following the week in question. For this problem, if the sub-assemblies of lot sizes 1,000 have produced a lumpy demand for part no. 3079, it therefore means that, the demand for the different subassemblies such as part no. 257 and part no. 435 must also increase, hence increasing the demand for the subassemblies used to produce the final product. To make good use of this, the over demanded quantity of part no. 3079 can be used to produce more final products to boost profits (Magee, 2010). Any overtime work, the machinist is paid a 50% premium. If he is paid $22 on normal working hours, it means, during overtime, he is paid $11. On the other hand, inventory costs include $0.25 to hold any part per week and it also costs $0.75 to hold the sub-assemblies in inventory per week. This means that it costs $1 to hold all these components in the inventory per week. It means therefore that, for every hour, overtime is paid at $11, for a whole week, there are 40-hours worked. It therefore shows that, the on each unit produced,